A radiologist performs Embolization treatment. A special tube is inserted into a vein in either the patient’s groin or neck. While checking the enlarged pampiniform plexus veins through an X-ray, a coil or balloon is released through the tube to block the veins. This halts the blood flow in the varicocele and it shrinks.
It is usually done with general anesthesia and takes several hours. This method isn’t as widely used as surgery. After embolization, the patient can often return to work after two days.
It’s the better option but some problems that can follow this procedure are:
- Persistence or recurrence of varicocele
- The coil moves from where it was placed
- A chance of infection where the cut was made
Probably the patients notice improvements in 6 months.