Generally, varicoceles don’t need a special treatment. It is usually harmless but the treatment might be considered if the varicocele causes:
- testicular atrophy
If the patient feels pain and swelling, an anti-inflammatory medicine can be prescribed to relieve it. If the varicocele causes aching, wearing tight underwear or a jock strap can provide support that eases any pain or discomfort.
If you are thinking about assisted reproductive techniques, you might want to undergo varicocele repair. In cases of male infertility, (if techniques such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) are to be used) the treatment of a varicocele can cure the infertility or recover the quality of sperm.
Surgery is the main form of treatment if it is needed. The reason of surgery is to seal off the affected vein to redirect the blood flow into normal veins. There are different methods to do varicocele surgery. All the ways involve blocking the blood flow in the pampiniform plexus veins. Here, we will explain 3 types of surgeries: